Music is known in every culture around the world. Music brings people together, has the ability to capture entire moments in history, and tell personal stories. This week we will explore different types of music, learn how science plays a part in music, and discover how music can make us feel different emotions. Let’s make music together!
VIVALDI’S FOUR SEASONS
Check out Vivaldi’s The 4 Seasons on Hoopla or listen on YouTube. In classical music, songs written for instruments are called concertos. Vivaldi composed 4 concertos to represent the 4 seasons: Spring, Summer, Fall and Winter. Each concerto has three sections that are different tempos such as allegro (fast), or largo (slow). Listen to at least two concertos from two different seasons. Then take a walk outside and listen to nature.
- What sounds make you think of Spring? Summer? Fall? Winter? For example, does a bird’s chirp make you think of Spring? Can a song sound like a season?
- How do the concertos from different seasons differ from one another? Listen carefully, are there different instruments being used or featured more? Does one season sound “lighter/heavier” or “faster/slower” than another? How do these differences sound like the season they represent? How do these songs make you feel?
- Time for Musical Sketching! Listen to the concertos again or go outside and draw what you hear. There is no right or wrong. Just listen to your imagination.
Now watch Why Should You Listen to Vivaldi’s “Four Seasons”?
What did you learn about the composer? Did it give you more ideas about what the music sounds like?
Watch this Song Made Entirely w/ Household Items!!!!!!
Find items around your home that can make music. Make drums out of pans and utensils, blow into an empty bottle, zip a zipper, twang a rubber band. What sounds can you put together to make your own song? Don’t forget your body makes music too! Try clapping, snapping, and making noises with your mouth. Can you add to the song by having other people in your house make different repeating sounds that add layers to the music?
Record yourself making music and share with us by tagging #ydlsummerchallenge.
MUSIC AND DANCE
Music and dance have gone hand in hand throughout history, sometimes as part of a religion or ritual such as this traditional Cambodian blessing dance, and more recently for social dancing at parties. Some classical music such as this sarabande by Handel that we now listen to in a concert hall was composed for dancing. People often swing dance to jazz music. And hip hop culture, that has influenced much of today’s popular music and style, began over 50 years ago in the Bronx, New York, and Southern California, with break dancing and other hip hop moves developing at the same time MCs were rapping over DJ’s mixes.
Dance is also a performance art. Just like we might go to see actors in a play or musicians at a concert, we can go to live dance performances. We might see professional dancers who have trained in modern dance, tap, or ballet. Many ballets are danced to classical music played by orchestras such as Sleeping Beauty or Swan Lake by Tchaikovsky. A lot of kids take ballet lessons, too.
Let’s hear a ballet story! Ypsi dance instructor Gina Danene Thompson who teaches at Riverside Arts Center reads Dancing in the Wings written by Debbie Allen and illustrated by Kadir Nelson.
Now it’s time to move! Follow along as Gina walks you through ballet class warm up.
THE WORLD’S OLDEST SONG
Humans have been making music for thousands of years. There is evidence to suggest that early humans made music as long as 40,000 years ago with other art forms following after.
The Hurrian Hymn No. 6 is the world’s oldest known melody. A melody is defined as a pleasing succession of sounds. The Hurrian Hymn was found on a clay tablet that had been preserved since 1,400 B.C.
However, Seikilos Epitaph dates back to 200 B.C. and is the oldest known complete composition, with musical notes and lyrics. If the song sounds familiar you may have heard it while playing Minecraft Greek Mythology. The composer for the game arranged for the song to appear in the game soundtrack!
Archeologists agree that the flute is the oldest known man made instrument in the world. The first flutes were made from bird bone and mammoth ivory. In ancient Greece people built pan flutes, or panpipes, out of cane reeds, flax and wax. Pan flutes are also common in some South American and Native American music. Create your own pan flute with at-home items, and make some music!
- Why do you think early humans created music?
- What do you think of this early music? Do you like it? What does it make you think of?
- Go outside and look for items in nature that you can make music with. What sounds and melodies can you make with natural elements like sticks, rocks, pine cones, and leaves? Get creative.
- Create a melody using the outdoor items you found and your flute. If you didn’t make a flute, try whistling with a blade of grass.
Write new lyrics to a familiar tune! Have you ever changed the lyrics to your favorite song? If not, have you ever wanted to try it out?
Let’s take lyrics for Happy by Pharrell Williams to use as an example of how you can do this. Listen to the song, then click on the box below for more instructions.
Share your writing by tagging us at #ypsiwrites.
THE SCIENCE OF SOUND
We know that different sounds make music, but what makes sound? Sound is made when something vibrates. The vibrating instrument makes vibrations that travel through the air or instrument that we can hear.
Watch Bill Nye the Science explain how vibrations make sound waves.
Now that we know how sound works let’s have fun making our own sound vibrations. Try one or both of these sound vibration experiments at home, using everyday household items.
MUSIC AND ART
Listen to contemporary jazz by local pianist Glenn Tucker while you draw. Glenn wrote the song as protest music. You can hear the intensity of the music around the time when Lidia begins to draw jagged leaves and again when she’s adding color. How does the song make you feel? Do you think your drawing is different if you draw with the music on or off?