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WHAT GIVES FRUITS AND VEGETABLES THEIR COLORS? 

Fruits and vegetables get their colors from different compounds. The three types of pigments that give fruits and vegetables their colors are carotenoids, flavonoids, and chlorophyll.

  • Carotenoids – this pigment causes orange, red, and yellow colors. Carotenoids are antioxidants meaning they help protect the cells in our body against damage.
  • Flavonoids – this pigment is responsible for yellow, purple, blue, and red colors. Anthocyanins are a type of flavonoid and are responsible for the color in red cabbages among many other fruits and vegetables.. Anthocyanins produce different colors that range from red to purple to blue/green depending on the pH level. This is why the dye produced from red cabbage changes color when you add baking soda (which is basic).
  • Chlorophyll – this pigment is responsible for green colors. Chlorophyll helps plants capture energy from the sun so they can grow.

Many of these pigments also have significant health benefits. That is why it is important to eat a balanced diet! Click the button to the right to learn more about plant pigments.

MAKING NATURAL DYES AND COLORFUL PASTA

Learn how you can make natural dyes and use these to make colorful pasta! Make red, orange, yellow, green, blue and purple dyes using things like beets, turmeric, and red cabbage!

 

WHAT ELSE CAN YOU DO WITH NATURAL DYES?

MAKE ICE CUBE ART

Add the natural dyes to an ice cube tray with cornstarch and baking soda, then pop in the freezer. When frozen, use the cubes to draw outside on the sidewalk on a summer day. As the ice cubes melt, you’ll have watercolor artwork.

MAKE COLORFUL POPSICLES

Or use the ice cube tray or a disposable cup to make colorful ice or popsicles. Crush berries or other fruit and add some natural dye to make the colors more intense. Layer fruit in your cup, then freeze for a colorful, cool treat. 

DYE FABRICS

You can find a set of instructions below, or watch the video to learn more about the fabric dying process.

WRITING ABOUT COLORS AND MAKING ART WITH FRUITS AND VEGETABLES

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE PRINTS

Check out this webpage to find instructions on how to make art using fruit and vegetable prints.

YPSIWRITES

We see colors all the time but have you ever thought about them deeply? Have you ever thought about how many different shades of a color are there or how a certain color makes you feel? Look at how many different colors and shades there are in your environment! This week we will dive into the world of colors where we will do things like interview a color and use this interview to write a poem.

Get details on how to write a poem about ROY G. BIV by clicking the button to the left. Share your writing by tagging us #ypsiwrites!

Ypsi Writes logo text "ypsi writes"